Unittest Example: Python

Let's recall from lecture that a "unit" test validates a small component of code. Now, we will look at our first example of a unit test using the native Python library, unittest.

import sys
import os
import unittest
    This function takes as argument a list, `color`, which 
    consists of three integer values for each of the three 
    colors in the RGB model, and which represents a color.  
    The RGB model is used in real life to represent hues 
    in digital devices: computer monitors, cameras, screens, 
    and the like.
    You may assume that `color[0]` is an integer 
    corresponding with red, `color[1]` is an int for green,
    and `color[2]` is an int for blue.
    The function changes the colors to IWU green and returns
    the original list.
def make_titan_green(color):
    RED = 46
    GREEN = 100
    BLUE = 73
    color[0] = RED
    color[1] = GREEN
    color[2] = BLUE
    return color

Now, let's test out our function using the unittest module.

What are some things that we can test for?

class BasicTest(unittest.TestCase):
    def test_correct_colors(self):
        color = [10, 10, 10]
        expected = [46, 100, 73]
        actual = make_titan_green(color)
        self.assertEqual(expected, actual)

if __name__ == '__main__':

and we expect to see:

test_correct_colors (__main__.BasicTest) ... ok

Ran 1 test in 0.005s